Perhaps the second Monday also in October is celebrated as Columbus Day. It falls on Monday, October 10th, this year. The purpose of celebrating Columbus Day and the origins of the holiday are outlined here.
Columbus Day: What Is It?
A federal holiday in the United States, Columbus Day honors the arrival of Italian adventurer Christopher Columbus inside the “New World” on October 12, 1492.
The Columbian Orders (Order of St. Tammany) at New York City was the first organization to formally commemorate the celebration of his arrival in what would ultimately become known as the Americas three hundred years later, in 1792.
What Time Is Columbus Day?
Every year, just on the second Monday in October, is designated as Columbus Day. This implies that the date varies each year.
Columbus Day will be celebrated mostly on Monday, October 10 in 2022.
A Synopsis of Columbus Day’s History
The idea that the world is round was well established by the time of Christopher Columbus; it dates back to the ancient Greeks. People believed that a ship sailing west even from Europe would reach Asia without incident. However, a lot of people thought it was impossible to get so far west. The Spanish monarchs, King Ferdinand as well as Queen Isabella, were persuaded to support Columbus’ journey and quest for wealth after the Italian explorer was persuaded to the contrary.
Columbus, who was certain he had arrived in Asia, landed on a little island located in the Bahamas on October 12, 1492. He wasn’t the initial European to discover the Americas; the Vikings and others had done so before, but his expedition ignited interest in the European discovery of the hemisphere and marked the beginning of an important link between the Old and the New Worlds.
In 1792, there was the first commemoration of Columbus’ arrival in the New World. The Columbian Order (Order of St. Tammany) in New York City was responsible for organizing it. Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaimed the day a national holiday in 1937. Since 1971, Columbus Day has been celebrated every second Monday in October.
Columbus Day is observed by some Italian-American communities as a day to honor Italian history, culture, as well as accomplishments as a result of Columbus’ Italian ancestry.
Columbus Day Disputation/ Controversy
However, there is some debate around the celebration of Columbus Day. The truth of European colonization reveals that it brought sickness, enslavement, as well as extermination to the indigenous peoples of the Americas, despite the fact that Columbus’ arrival in the New World signaled the beginning of a new era of exploration and growth for the world. The Columbus Day celebrations have mainly ignored this aspect of colonial history, but in recent years, more and more towns and states have begun to observe Indigenous Peoples’ Day in its place.
Native American Day
Here on the second Monday in October, several areas of the United States celebrate a holiday known as Indigenous Peoples’ Day in remembrance of Native American culture. This holiday has been observed instead of or in addition to Columbus Day since the late 1980s.
Indigenous Peoples’ Day honors Native American cultures including people who have been in the Americas for a very long time—far before European explorers—rather than with the intention of erasing Columbus Day from history.