The World Science Day for Peace and Development, observed annually on November 10, promotes awareness of the importance of science in society and the need to involve the general people in discussions about controversial scientific subjects. It also emphasizes the importance of science and how it may be used in daily life. It also emphasizes the crucial part scientists play in expanding our knowledge of the magnificent, fragile world we call home and enhancing community sustainability.
The Day presents a chance to engage all stakeholders including government officials, the media, and students in the discussion of science for peace and development. UNESCO highly advises everyone to organize their own event or activity to commemorate World Science Day for Peace and Development.
Theme and celebration for 2022
World Science Day in 2022 will focus on “Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development” on November 10. In conjunction with the beginning of the International Year of Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development on July 8, 2022, it is being observed.
Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development
On December 2, 2021, the UN General Assembly approved the International Year of Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development, stating that “the applications of basic sciences are vital for advances in medicine, industry, agriculture, water resources, energy planning, environment, communications, and culture.” World Science Day contributes to the Year 2022 by recognizing this theme.
The UN General Assembly stated in December 2021 that “We need more basic science to meet The 2030 Agenda and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals.” It is true that the proportion of domestic research spending that is allocated to basic sciences varies greatly between nations. Some nations spend less than 10% of their research budgets on basic sciences, while others spend more than 30%, according to statistics from the UNESCO Science Report 2021 for 86 countries.
Given the potential for applications to promote sustainable development and increase standards of living, having a capability in basic sciences is in the interests of both developed and developing countries. For instance, diabetes is a condition that affects an increasing number of individuals globally. Scientists have developed a genetically engineered strain of the common bacteria Escherichia coli that produces synthetic human insulin as a result of laboratory research on the manner in which genes can be changed to generate particular protein molecules.
The history and purpose of World Science Day
Every year on November 10, the World Science Day for Peace and Development promotes communication between the scientific community and the general public with the goal of bridging the gap between science and society. One of the consequences of the World Conference on Science in 1999, which intended to create a new social compact for science based on trust, was the creation of World Science Day in 2001. The rationale for this new contract was that greater contact between the many stakeholder groups governments, lawmakers, the commercial sector, civil society, indigenous peoples, etc. would help research become more responsive to society’s demands. In turn, this would increase societal support for science and increase funding for it.